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5 Common Causes of Hip Pain

As one of the largest weight-bearing joints in the body, it’s common to experience pain in your hip. Your hip allows you perform many motions, such as walking, sitting, and bending. However, pain in the hip can make these basic motions nearly impossible.
To understand your hip pain, it’s important to know how your hip works. The hip is a stable ball-and-socket joint that consists of the femoral head, or ball at the top of the femur, that fits into the socket or cavity in the pelvis. Ligaments connect the ball to the socket and stabilize the bones. A problem with any of these areas could cause you significant pain.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that causes the cartilage in your joints to break down. The layer of cartilage is meant to cushion your joints and provide padding, but when it wears down, the ends of the bones rub against one another and cause pain.
While there’s no cure for osteoarthritis, there are non-operative treatment methods that can reduce the pain you experience.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the lining of the joint called the synovium becomes inflamed. When inflammation occurs, the synovium thickens and releases chemicals that damage the cartilage and bone. It also causes pain and swelling, which limits motion.
A hip fracture can occur in the upper portion of your thigh bone, or femur. This serious injury often results from a fall and is painful.
There are many factors that can increase your chance of a hip fracture, such as age, disease, and being a woman. A woman is two to three times more likely to suffer a hip fracture than a man. After you’ve reached the age of 50, your chances increase and double every five years.
Hip fracture surgery is done to repair a break in the upper part of the thigh bone.
Osteoporosis causes bones to become progressively weaker, which increases the risk of a fracture. This can occur as part of the aging process and is typically more common in women. If you’re dealing with osteoporosis, your risk of experiencing a fracture in a fall greatly increases.
Osteoporosis can be treated with lifestyle changes, medication, and walking aids. In some cases, patients can benefit from hip replacement surgery.
A hip strain occurs when one of the muscles supporting the hip joint stretches beyond its limit or tears. The pain you’ll experience will depend on the severity of the strain, which can range from mild to moderate to severe.
If you’re experiencing pain in your hip, upper thigh, or groin area, you could be dealing with any of these common injuries or conditions. While not everything is curable, you can treat your hip pain. Visit your orthopedic physician to get evaluated and receive treatment.
Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine is dedicated to providing quality care to all patients. If you’re dealing with pain in your hip and are considering surgery, contact us at 281-955-2650 to make an appointment with one of our board certified orthopedic specialists.

Prevent Back to School Injury!

Are you ready for the new school year from an orthopedic standpoint?

Finding the Right Backpack: Heavy backpacks are a common cause of back pain in children. When choosing which one to use for school, here are some tips:

  • Backpacks should weigh 10% or less of the child’s total body weight.
  • Choose a rolling backpack if it weighs more than 10% of the child’s body weight.
  • Choose a lightweight backpack. The weight of the backpack should be assessed before any books are placed in it. The lighter the better.
  • Backpacks should have wide, padded straps. Straps should be tightened to keep the load closer to the body.
  • Hip or chest belts are helpful in distributing the weight of the backpack.

Scheduling a Physical Exam: An annual physical exam by your pediatrician should be scheduled around the same time every year. This exam includes a scoliosis screening as well as sports clearance if your child will be participating on a school team. If there is a family history of scoliosis, you should inform your pediatrician. The sports screening can identify any medical or musculoskeletal conditions that need to be addressed before the start of the season and help keep your child safe.

Staying Safe During Preseason Training: Most preseason training for school sports begins in August in preparation for the start of the regular season in September. This usually consists of two or more weeks of intensive conditioning. Many injuries, like sprains, strains, and stress fractures, occur during this time of transition from a less active summer to a high level of activity. In order to prevent injury…

  • Be sure to perform warm-up stretches: Research has shown that warming up your muscles can prevent injury. 3-5 minutes of active stretching like jumping jacks and jogging followed by passive stretching where a stretch in each major muscle group is held for 30 seconds is recommended.
  • Don’t forget cool down stretches: Research has also shown that stretching after activity can reduce muscle soreness and improve flexibility. These gentler stretches should be held for at least 30 seconds.
  • Hydrate: If you are dehydrated, your body will not perform well and you become more prone to injury. Stay hydrated throughout the day, not just during exercise.  During exercise, drink a cup of water for every 20 minutes of activity.


A Simple Overview of Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

Shoulder Surgeon Houston TX
Rotator Cuff Repair Houston TX

If you have a rotator cuff injury, everyday activities may become difficult. Simple actions like combing your hair or tucking in your shirt can be painful.

Rotator cuff injuries can occur for many reasons & are often the result of repetitive strain. Any job or activity that requires repeated overhand motions, can lead to this type of injury. Sudden powerful raising of the arm against resistance or in an attempt to cushion a fall. In other cases, a rotator cuff injury may develop due to years of wear and tear.

In this blog, the fellowship-trained shoulder specialists at Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine will provide an overview of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

What is arthroscopy?
So, in simple terms, arthroscopy is defined as looking at the interior of a joint via a camera inserted through a small incision. Using this technique, the camera image is transmitted to a television screen so an orthopedic surgeon can closely examine the joint in great detail. Arthroscopy is used both for surgical procedures as well as for diagnostic purposes.

When is arthroscopic rotator cuff repair recommended?
Not all rotator cuff injuries require surgery, particularly if they’re treated early when symptoms first appear. However, you may be advised to have surgery if your symptoms have persisted for several months without improvement with non-surgical treatment, if you have suffered a severe rotator cuff tear, or if it’s a recent, acute injury or if your daily activities require you to do a lot of overhead reaching.

What does an arthroscopic rotator cuff repair involve?
There are numerous types of rotator cuff repair surgeries. The shoulder specialists at Advanced Orthopaedics will recommend the appropriate procedure depending upon the type of injury you have and your unique needs.

Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair offers several benefits over traditional open shoulder surgery, which may include:
• Fewer complications
• Less postoperative pain
• Faster recovery time

While proper healing and rehabilitation takes time, the arthroscopic procedure usually allows you to return to work, athletics, and daily activities faster than conventional surgery.

How long will recovery take after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair?
While the time frame varies from person to person, arthroscopic rotator cuff repair typically means a recovery period of several months, with immobilization directly following surgery and a guided physical therapy program starting after 2-4 weeks. Most people have a functional range of motion & strength for daily activities by 3 months after surgery and will continue to improve for 6 to 9 more months.

Looking for an arthroscopic rotator cuff repair surgeon in Houston?
Don’t be limited by the pain of a rotator cuff injury. Schedule a consultation at one of Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicines’ numerous practice locations around Houston to get more details about arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, and to learn whether you are a candidate for this procedure.

What is Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS)?

For many years, spine surgery was performed as open surgery. Now, new technology has made it possible for more back and neck conditions to be treated with minimally invasive surgical techniques, which benefit patients in a number of ways, including faster recovery times, less pain after surgery, and reduced risk of complications.

In this blog, the fellowship-trained Houston spine specialists at Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine will explain what minimally invasive spine surgery is and when it may be recommended.

What is minimally invasive spine surgery?

Instead of the significant, open incision involved in traditional spinal surgeries, minimally invasive spine surgery uses a specialized tool called a tubular retractor. It allows the surgeon to visualize and access the targeted area while causing less trauma to the surrounding tissue and muscles. Surgical instruments and any necessary surgical hardware such as screws or rods can be easily inserted through the retractor and the entire procedure is guided by fluoroscopy—a type of real-time X-ray. This allows the spinal surgeon to meticulously repair and treat the affected area with great precision.

Minimally invasive spinal surgery is only considered if conservative treatments have not relieved the painful symptoms caused by neck or back problems, and only if your doctor can pinpoint the exact source of your pain. In cases where the exact source of pain can be isolated, the benefits of MISS are substantial. The smaller incision means less damage to the muscles around the spine, reduced risk of complications during surgery, fewer complications post-surgery, less pain after surgery and faster recovery times.

Am I a candidate for minimally invasive spine surgery?

Not all types of spinal surgery can be performed with minimally invasive techniques. In some cases, traditional surgery or nonsurgical techniques may still be recommended as the primary treatment option.

An experienced spinal specialist should determine the most appropriate type of surgery for your needs, but some of the conditions MISS may be used to treat include:

  • Degenerative disc disease – Despite its name, this is not an actual disease; it is the phrase used to describe normal, but sometimes problematic, age-related changes in the spinal discs. Many conditions can result from degenerative disc disease, including herniated discs and spinal stenosis.
  • Herniated discs – The intervertebral discs of the spine—the “cushions” between the bones—consist of a soft, jelly-like center surrounded by a tough outer layer. A herniated disc occurs when the outer layer is cracked or otherwise damaged and the soft interior protrudes through the damaged area.
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis – A condition characterized by a narrowing of the openings in the vertebrae of the lower back (lumbar region), through which the spinal cord and spinal nerves run. This compresses the nerves, causing pain.
  • Spinal instability – A condition characterized by an abnormal amount of movement between the vertebrae, often due to disc degeneration.
  • Vertebral compression fractures – Fractures that occur due to the total or partial collapse of a vertebra. This is most often due to osteoporosis, but a fracture can also result from a hard fall or other traumatic injury.

In addition, patients suffering from spinal tumors, spinal infections or spinal deformities such as scoliosis may also be potential candidates for MISS.

Where can I find spinal specialists in Houston to learn more about MISS?

Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine is home to leading spine specialists in Houston. Our spine experts are dedicated to pioneering new approaches to minimally invasive surgery techniques and have many years of experience with treating the most complex spinal conditions.

In addition to our Spine Center, Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine also offers Interventional Pain Specialists, which focuses on patients suffering from chronic or acute pain including spinal pain, providing minimally invasive pain treatments to relieve discomfort.

To connect with a spinal specialist to learn more about your treatment options and whether you may be a candidate for minimally invasive spine surgery, schedule your appointment at one of Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine’s multiple practice locations in the Houston area today.

Getting Back on Track after the Holidays

Sometimes our best intentions go out the window during the holidays, and we don’t follow through with our exercise & diet plans. That’s okay too. The holidays are for spending time with family and friends, enjoying traditions, and lots of high calorie foods. But now it’s time to get back on track with your exercise routine. Read on for some helpful tips to get over the laziness.

#1 Assess the damage

Get. On. The. Scale. It may be painful to see that you have gained a few pounds, but you need to know what you are dealing with. On the other hand, you might find that you didn’t do as much damage as you think. You probably will not see a dramatic weight gain. Either way, you need to be realistic about what your body needs to do now. So just weigh yourself and get it over with, and then don’t get on that scale for another week until you have had a chance to get back at your healthy habits.

#2 Let it go

If you had a lazy holiday, you should not feel bad about it. You should feel really good about what you have done for yourself by putting your needs first for a change. Any guilt or regret you are feeling should be pushed out the window now. You are actually lucky because you are most likely coming back with a fresh attitude and a renewed sense of your goals.

#3 Make a plan

Planning is so important when you are trying to start, or restart a healthy lifestyle. Don’t just rely on telling yourself that you will do it. Make a visible plan on pen and paper, or on a fitness app. Set a goal for yourself for your first week back exercising, and maybe also plan for a small reward to treat yourself to after that first week.

#4 Just do it

Healthy habits take at least three weeks to form.

Once you hit that point, you should be able to maintain your exercise habit fairly seamlessly. However, it takes way less time to break a healthy habit, as in one week. So your lazy holiday has the potential to derail your good exercise habits, but you can overcome it. You just need to get right back at it. If you wait any amount of time before exercising again, it’s only going to get harder. You need to start exercising again right away! You may be tired and have a million things to do, like unpacking and sorting mail, but just carve out 30 minutes to do some sort of physical activity. It will give you the energy you need to plow through those post-holiday chores, and will set the tone that you are going to exercise on a regular basis again.

5 Questions You Should Ask Before Any Orthopedic Surgery

After your doctor tells you surgery is necessary, you may be frightening and intimidating. There are some steps you can take to ease some of the stress involved prior to having orthopedic surgery. Asking your surgeon these five questions, may help you better understand what to expect and ease your anxieties and allow you to become better informed before surgery.

What exactly will the surgery and the recovery be like?

As with most professions, surgery has its own language that makes sense to the surgeon and the medical team, but sometimes not to the patient. Ask for specifics about preparation for the surgery, what will happen during the surgery, and what to expect during recovery.

How much experience does the surgeon have with the surgery & what outcomes has the surgeon experienced?

It is normal to be anxious about the surgery, and you will want to have a surgeon with experience — a surgeon who has a history of good results with the surgery.

Why is it necessary to have the surgery now?

Perhaps having the procedure now is not convenient for you. Find out if the surgery can be delayed without causing more harm and making the surgery more difficult or adding complications to recovery.

Are there other options?

Ask if there is therapy or other options that can delay the operation if possible. For those who do like to be involved in sports, surgery might be the best, and even the only, good choice.

What kind of anesthesia will be required?

If you experience complications with a certain kind of anesthesia, make certain the surgeon is aware of the complications — if necessary the surgeon can make adjustments to ensure your surgery will go as planned.

Asking questions and understanding why, when and how the procedure will take place will help ensure that you will have a positive experience with the surgery. An active and involved patient is knowledgeable and understands what will happen to his or her body, and will be more at ease with the procedure.

Healing a Rotator Cuff Tear

A torn rotator cuff will weaken your shoulder making many daily activities, like brushing your hair or dressing, painful and difficult to perform.

Your arm is kept in your shoulder socket by your rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is a network of four muscles that come together as tendons to form a covering, attaching the humerus to the shoulder blade and helps to lift and rotate your arm.

If the tear occurs with injury you may experience acute pain, a snapping sensation, and weakness of the arm. A rotator cuff tear may get larger over time if left untreated or with repetitive use or a re-injury to the shoulder. It is common for patients with known rotator cuff injury to have intense pain and weakness following a minor injury. If you are aware you have a rotator cuff tear, then worsening pain and decreasing strength may mean the tear is getting larger.

When a tear occurs, there is frequently degeneration of the muscles around the arm and loss of motion of the shoulder. Exercise or physical therapy programs are necessary to regain strength and improvement of shoulder function

If you have injured your shoulder or have chronic shoulder and arm pain, it is best to see an orthopaedic surgeon. They can then make a diagnosis and begin treatment. The doctor may recommend an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to confirm the diagnosis.

Early diagnosis and treatment of a rotator cuff tear can avoid symptoms such as loss of strength and loss of motion from setting in.

If your primary physician has already made the diagnosis, an orthopaedic surgeon can review both surgical and nonsurgical options and begin treatment.

Many rotator cuff tears can be treated without surgery. Anti-inflammatory medication, injections, and physical therapy may all be beneficial in treating symptoms of a cuff tear. The goals of treatment are to alleviate pain and reestablish strength to the injured shoulder.

Even though most tears cannot heal on their own, decent function can often be achieved without surgery.

If you have persistent pain or weakness in your shoulder that does not improve with nonsurgical treatment, surgery may be recommended. Frequently, patients who may require surgery report pain at night and complications lifting and reaching with the injured arm. Ongoing symptoms despite several months of medication and limited use of the arm are often reported.

Surgery is also recommended in active individuals who use the arm for overhead work or sports such as; Pitchers, swimmers, tennis players, and laborers.

Even though surgery repairs the injury in the tendon, the muscles around the arm remain weakened, and a full effort at rehabilitation is necessary for the procedure to be successful. Complete rehabilitation after surgery may take several months.

Your orthopaedic surgeon can prescribe an appropriate program based on your needs and the findings at surgery.

Jacel Brooks, MD

6 Tips for Your Child to Avoid Injury During the Sports Season

Sports-participation promotes physical and emotional wellness in children but too much physical activity can lead to injury. Overuse injury, is becoming a significant concern for orthopedic doctors at a time where the number of duel-sport athletes continues to grow.  Because of this, we’ve seen this type of injury become commonplace, with repetitive stress injuries affecting muscles, ligaments, tendons, bones and growth plates.  It’s important to remember that young athletes are still growing at a fast rate, putting them at a greater risk of developing an injury that could lead to long-term health issues.  Overuse injuries attribute to about 50 percent of all pediatric sports-related injuries, but there are preventative steps parents, coaches and even young athletes themselves can take: 

1. Pre-Participation Physical Examinations  Pre-participation physical exams are important for all adolescent athletes. These exams are used to screen for potential risk factors including injury history, flexibility, joint stability and anatomic misalignments.  Those with noted deficits should be referred to appropriate medical specialists, such as a physical therapists, for corrective rehabilitation in order to prevent injuries. 

2. Nutrition For Athletic Performance  Nutrition is vital to the body’s ability to perform, recover, and become stronger. Young and growing athletes exert a lot of energy during physical exercise and many do not consume enough calories to meet their energy demand.   This is a concern for orthopaedic doctors because poor nutrition can lead to decreases in bone density, overuse injuries and potential stress fractures. 

3. Proper Equipment Matters: Clothing and equipment vary from sport to sport and while it can be expensive to replace, the equipment from last season may not fit your child properly, potentially leading to injury.  Common overuse injuries involve the knee and foot, making shoe selection and replacement critical.

4. Stretching Can Aid in Prevention: The most common overuse injury across all sports is tendonitis. Depending on the severity, tendonitis can be intermittently or consistently painful. Warming up and cooling down with appropriate stretching is critical in preventing overuse injuries.  With that being said, young athletes should be taught how to properly stretch to avoid injury.

5. Rest is Key: It’s common for kids to feel pressured to play through the pain and while psychologically they feel tough, physically their bodies can only handle so much. Playing through the pain increases damage to the body and therefore recovery time. Any persistent pain or injury needs to be seen by an orthopaedic doctor immediately.  In addition, parents should be aware of warning signs including pain, swelling, changes in form or technique, and decreased interest in practice. 

6. Avoid Overdoing Any Single Sport:  Limit the number of teams your child plays on in a single season. Kids who play on more than one sports team could be physically overdoing it and are at risk for injuries.  The same applies to year-round sports; taking regular breaks and playing other sports can be essential for skill development and injury prevention. Several studies have shown a correlation between higher rate of overuse injuries and playing one sport year round.

Most athletes will likely experience sports-related injuries at some point, but can be prevented if caution is taken. It’s important to remember most of the time coaches are focused on a whole group of kids, not just yours, so encourage your child to speak up if something isn’t right.

Delayed Reporting in Concussions May lead to More Time Out of the Game!

Athletes who immediately stopped activity and reported symptoms of a concussion typically missed fewer days before returning to activity than athletes who delayed reporting such symptoms.

Although there is increased awareness about concussions and their consequences, many athletes fail to report their concussion symptoms to a medical professional or coach in order to continuing to participate in the sport. Researchers have found that athletes who are not immediately removed from activity are more likely to have a delayed recovery period of almost 5day compared to athletes who are immediately removed from sport. Athletes who fail to immediately report their symptoms and continue to play are also more than twice as likely to need more than a week before returning to play.

Overall, this research helps medical professionals and coaching staff by providing evidence that immediately reporting concussion symptoms may be associated with less time missed due to a concussion. It is believed that many athletes do not report symptoms for fear of not being able to participate; however, the studies suggests that not reporting symptoms may result not being able to play for a longer period of time. One reasonable explanation for these results is that athletes who withhold reporting their symptoms may actually be experiencing more head impacts, which may result in a more severe injury.

Questions for Discussion: What do you currently do to encourage your athletes to self-report concussions? Do you feel these approaches have been successful? Why or why not?

Preventing ACL Injuries

  • Mechanics: Valgus collapse is one of the most significant risk factors for ACL tear and is frequently the actual mechanism of the injury. All athletes must be taught to squat, lunge, jump, and land without knee and ankle collapse. Your form doesn’t need to be picture perfect, but if your knees and ankles are coming in on every rep, they’re going to have a bad time.

    When we are tired our bodies resort to our most comfortable and habitual movement patterns. Get in the habit of landing and bending your knees with proper mechanics. Learn proper planting and pivoting.

  • Strength: While quadriceps strength is seen as the best indicator of how well an athlete will perform after an ACL repair, it tends to be one of the lesser focuses in prehab and prevention. The reason is that most athletes overuse their quadriceps and are lacking proper use of their glutes. The glute medius in particular is very important in preventing valgus collapse. Lacking core and hip strength are also significant risk factors in ACL injuries.
  • Recovery: Professional athletes don’t play their sport year round and neither should you. Many injuries are the result of doing too much. All athletes need to pay as much attention to proper nutrition, sleeping, and adequate rest between competitive performances.
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