What Are the Most Common Types of Sports Injuries?
At Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine of Houston, Texas, we believe that regular physical activity is an essential element of good health, and we encourage everyone to take steps to become more active. One relatively easy and fun way to do so is to participate in sports.
Athletic participation can provide numerous health benefits, most notably a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, depression and some types of cancer. However, it can also increase the risk of sports injuries, and this holds true whether you play for competition, fitness or fun.
Education about sports injuries is key to prevention
While it is impossible to completely avoid all injuries, awareness can go a long way toward prevention. Here are some of the most common types of sports injuries to be aware of:
- Sprains – Often caused by a fall or twisting motion, a sprain is a stretched or torn ligament located near a joint, such as a knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow or thumb. Symptoms include tenderness, swelling and an inability to use or apply weight to the joint without pain.
- Strains – A strain occurs when a muscle is overextended to the point that it becomes stretched or torn. Strains are common in the hamstring, quadriceps, calf, groin, rotator cuff and lower back muscles. Mild strains can develop through repetitive motion, while acute strains usually result from a single, stressful movement, which often occurs during running, jumping or cutting (abruptly changing direction). Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising and limited range of motion.
- Fractures – Usually a result of sudden trauma, such as a fall or collision, a fracture is a crack or break in a bone. Repetitive stress on a bone can also cause a fracture to develop gradually over time. Most fractures cause severe pain; swelling and bruising may also be present.
- Dislocations – A dislocation occurs when the bones in a joint are forced out of alignment. This painful injury can temporarily immobilize and deform a joint. Some joints that are susceptible to dislocation include the fingers, hands, shoulders, elbows, knees and hips. A dislocated bone can sometimes be set back in place, but if the surrounding connective tissues are damaged, surgical repair may be necessary.
Sports injuries that cause severe pain, swelling, bruising or obvious deformity warrant immediate medical attention. You’ll be in good hands with the experienced team at Advanced Orthopaedics of Houston, which includes board-certified and double-board-certified surgeons, sports medicine specialists, physical therapists, a chiropractor, an interventional spine specialist and many orthopedic sub-specialists. As a result, we are able to accurately diagnosis and effectively treat many common sports injuries.
To learn more or request an appointment, contact Advanced Orthopaedics of Houston, TX.
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