Discuss Shoulder Pain Treatment Options with an Experienced Orthopedic Specialist in Houston, TX
The latest advances in shoulder pain treatment are available to residents of Houston, Texas, and the surrounding areas at Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine. Providing a full scope of orthopedic treatments, from conservative therapies to surgery and rehabilitation services, Advanced Orthopaedics has helped thousands of patients find much-needed relief from chronic shoulder pain. Additionally, we have a team of specialists who focus predominantly on shoulder-related conditions, allowing us to provide an unmatched caliber of care.
Our team takes an individualized approach to shoulder pain treatment, which means that each patient’s treatment plan is customized based on his or her unique needs. Our goal is not only to treat the symptoms of a patient’s condition, but also to help him or her regain function, range of motion and quality of life.
We diagnose and treat a wide range of shoulder conditions, including:
- Shoulder instability
- Shoulder dislocations
- Rotator cuff injuries
- Shoulder tendon pain (rotator cuff tendonitis)
- Brachial plexus injuries
- Ruptured biceps tendons
- Labral tears
- Fractures and broken collarbones
- Shoulder impingement syndrome
- Shoulder sprains
- Joint separation
- Generalized shoulder pain
- Sports injuries involving the shoulder
Depending on the specifics of a patient’s diagnosis, as well as his or her lifestyle and activity level, we may recommend several different surgical and nonsurgical treatments. Our shoulder specialist. provide soft tissue injury treatments and trigger point injections for muscle pain, as well as sports medicine services, chiropractic care and sport-specific training for residents of Houston and other surrounding areas.
While we recognize that surgical treatment is not necessary for every individual, surgery may be considered if nonsurgical shoulder pain treatment does not produce the desired results. Our board-certified and double-board-certified surgeons perform arthroscopic joint and rotator cuff repairs, shoulder stabilization procedures, minimally invasive shoulder replacements and Latarjet operations, among other procedures addressing the shoulders and upper extremities.
If you’d like to learn more about shoulder pain treatment at Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine of Houston, TX, contact us to schedule a consultation with a shoulder specialist.
The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body that enables a wide range of movements including forward flexion, abduction, adduction, external rotation, internal rotation, and 360-degree circumduction. Thus, the shoulder joint is considered the most insecure joint of the body, but the support of ligaments, muscles, and tendons function to provide the required stability.
Bones of the Shoulder
The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint made up of three bones, namely the humerus, scapula, and clavicle.
The end of the humerus or upper arm bone forms the ball of the shoulder joint. An irregular shallow cavity in the scapula called the glenoid cavity forms the socket for the head of the humerus to fit in. The two bones together form the glenohumeral joint, which is the main joint of the shoulder.
Scapula and Clavicle
The scapula is a flat triangular-shaped bone that forms the shoulder blade. It serves as the site of attachment for most of the muscles that provide movement and stability to the joint. The scapula has four bony processes - acromion, spine, coracoid and glenoid cavity. The acromion and coracoid process serve as places for attachment of the ligaments and tendons.
The clavicle bone or collarbone is an S-shaped bone that connects the scapula to the sternum or breastbone. It forms two joints: the acromioclavicular joint, where it articulates with the acromion process of the scapula and the sternoclavicular joint where it articulates with the sternum or breast bone. The clavicle also forms a protective covering for important nerves and blood vessels that pass under it from the spine to the arms.
Soft Tissues of the Shoulder
The ends of all articulating bones are covered by smooth tissue called articular cartilage, which allows the bones to slide over each other without friction, enabling smooth movement. Articular cartilage reduces pressure and acts as a shock absorber during movement of the shoulder bones. Extra stability to the glenohumeral joint is provided by the glenoid labrum, a ring of fibrous cartilage that surrounds the glenoid cavity. The glenoid labrum increases the depth and surface area of the glenoid cavity to provide a more secure fit for the half-spherical head of the humerus.
Ligaments of the Shoulder
Ligaments are thick strands of fibers that connect one bone to another. The ligaments of the shoulder joint include:
Coracoclavicular ligaments: These ligaments connect the collarbone to the shoulder blade at the coracoid process.
Acromioclavicular ligament: This connects the collarbone to the shoulder blade at the acromion process.
Coracoacromial ligament: It connects the acromion process to the coracoid process.
Glenohumeral ligaments: A group of 3 ligaments that form a capsule around the shoulder joint and connect the head of the arm bone to the glenoid cavity of the shoulder blade. The capsule forms a watertight sac around the joint. Glenohumeral ligaments play a very important role in providing stability to the otherwise unstable shoulder joint by preventing dislocation.
Muscles of the Shoulder
The rotator cuff is the main group of muscles in the shoulder joint and is comprised of 4 muscles. The rotator cuff forms a sleeve around the humeral head and glenoid cavity, providing additional stability to the shoulder joint while enabling a wide range of mobility. The deltoid muscle forms the outer layer of the rotator cuff and is the largest and strongest muscle of the shoulder joint.
Tendons of the Shoulder
Tendons are strong tissues that join muscle to bone allowing the muscle to control the movement of the bone or joint. Two important groups of tendons in the shoulder joint are the biceps tendons and rotator cuff tendons.
Bicep tendons are the two tendons that join the bicep muscle of the upper arm to the shoulder. They are referred to as the long head and short head of the bicep.
Rotator cuff tendons are a group of four tendons that join the head of the humerus to the deeper muscles of the rotator cuff. These tendons provide more stability and mobility to the shoulder joint.
Nerves of the Shoulder
Nerves carry messages from the brain to muscles to direct movement (motor nerves) and send information about different sensations such as touch, temperature, and pain from the muscles back to the brain (sensory nerves). The nerves of the arm pass through the shoulder joint from the neck. These nerves form a bundle at the region of the shoulder called the brachial plexus. The main nerves of the brachial plexus are the musculocutaneous, axillary, radial, ulnar and median nerves.
Blood vessels of the Shoulder
Blood vessels travel along with the nerves to supply blood to the arms. Oxygenated blood is supplied to the shoulder region by the subclavian artery that runs below the collarbone. As it enters the region of the armpit, it is called the axillary artery and further down the arm, it is called the brachial artery.
The main veins carrying de-oxygenated blood back to the heart for purification include:
Axillary vein: This vein drains into the subclavian vein.
Cephalic vein: This vein is found in the upper arm and branches at the elbow into the forearm region. It drains into the axillary vein.
Basilic vein: This vein runs opposite the cephalic vein, near the triceps muscle. It drains into the axillary vein.