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Heel Spurs

  • Heel Spurs

    Heel Spurs

    The heel is made up of the calcaneus bone and supported by a network of muscles, tendons, ligaments and soft tissues...

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  • Ankle Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Ankle Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Arthritis is inflammation in a joint as a result of cartilage degeneration causing joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and restricted movement.

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  • Foot & Ankle Osteotomy

    Foot & Ankle Osteotomy

    Foot and ankle osteotomy is a surgery performed to remove parts of a bone in your foot or ankle that might be...

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  • Foot Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Foot Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Arthritis is inflammation in the joint resulting from the degeneration of cartilage causing joint pain, swelling...

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  • Midfoot Arthritis

    Midfoot Arthritis

    Midfoot arthritis is pain and inflammation of the midfoot. It occurs due to damage of cartilage or tissues around the joints.

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  • Burning Neuropathic Pain

    Burning Neuropathic Pain

    Burning neuropathic pain is a chronic condition characterized by a painful stinging and burning sensation as a result of injury...

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  • Achilles Tendinitis Treatment

    Achilles Tendinitis Treatment

    Achilles tendinitis is the inflammation and irritation to the Achilles tendon, a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects...

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  • Foot Problems

    Foot Problems

    Foot problems can involve any part of the foot. They may involve the skin, tendons, ligament, heels, toes, blood vessels, and joints of the foot.

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  • Hallux Rigiditis

    Hallux Rigiditis

    Hallux Rigiditis is a form of degenerative arthritis at the metatarsophalangeal or MTP joint where the base of your big toe attaches to the foot.

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  • Freiberg's Disease

    Freiberg's Disease

    Freiberg’s disease, also known as Freiberg infraction, is a condition characterized by avascular necrosis...

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  • Lesser Toe Deformities

    Lesser Toe Deformities

    Lesser toe deformity is an abnormality in the anatomy of your toe that occurs as a result of imbalance between the intrinsic and extrinsic muscles.

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  • Gordon Syndrome

    Gordon Syndrome

    Gordon syndrome, also known as distal arthrogryposis type 3, is a rare congenital genetic disorder that affects the movement...

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  • Peroneal Tendon Dislocation

    Peroneal Tendon Dislocation

    The peroneal tendons run behind the lateral malleolus (the bony protrusion on the outside of the ankle).

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  • Ankle Sprain

    Ankle Sprain

    A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments. Ligaments connect adjacent bones and provide stability to a joint.

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  • Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Achilles Tendon Rupture

    The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping.

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  • Ankle Fractures

    Ankle Fractures

    An ankle fracture is a painful condition where there is a break in one or more bones forming the ankle joint.

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  • Ankle Instability

    Ankle Instability

    Ankle instability is generally noticed when you move your ankle joint but can also occur while standing.

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  • Osteochondral Injuries of the Ankle

    Osteochondral Injuries of the Ankle

    Osteochondral injuries are most often caused by trauma to the ankle joint, such as with ankle sprains.

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  • Heel Fractures

    Heel Fractures

    The calcaneus or heel bone is a large bone found at the rear of the foot. A heel fracture is a break in the heel bone due to trauma or various disease conditions.

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  • Leg Fracture

    Leg Fracture

    A leg fracture is when one of the leg's bones breaks or cracks.

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  • Lisfranc (Midfoot) Fracture

    Lisfranc (Midfoot) Fracture

    The Lisfranc joint or tarsometatarsal joint refers to the region in the middle of the foot.

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  • Foot & Ankle Trauma

    Foot & Ankle Trauma

    Foot and ankle trauma refers to injuries that most commonly occur during sports, exercise or any other physical activity.

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  • Ankle Ligament Injury

    Ankle Ligament Injury

    An ankle ligament injury, also known as an ankle sprain, can be caused by a sudden twisting movement of the foot during any athletic event or during daily activities.

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  • Foot & Ankle Arthritis

    Foot & Ankle Arthritis

    Arthritis in the foot and ankle can occur due to fractures, dislocation, inflammatory disease, or congenital deformity.

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  • Achilles Tendon Bursitis

    Achilles Tendon Bursitis

    The Achilles tendon is the large tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus) and is used when you walk, run and jump.

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  • Athlete's Foot

    Athlete's Foot

    Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, is a fungal infection that forms on the skin of the foot.

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  • Forefoot Pain

    Forefoot Pain

    Forefoot pain, also referred to as metatarsalgia, is a type of pain that occurs in the ball of the foot (along the ends of the metatarsal bones).

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  • Ankle Pain

    Ankle Pain

    Ankle pain refers to any form of pain or discomfort affecting the ankle joint.

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  • Foot Infections

    Foot Infections

    Foot infections may occur after trauma to the foot or loss of tissue because of contamination from foreign material and/or bacteria or fungus.

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  • Ankle Dislocation

    Ankle Dislocation

    Ankle dislocation is a condition that occurs when the bones of the lower leg called the fibula and tibia get separated from the talus or ankle bone.

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  • Raynaud's Disease

    Raynaud's Disease

    Raynaud’s disease also known as Raynaud’s phenomenon or just Raynaud’s, occurs...

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  • Nerve Conditions of the Foot

    Nerve Conditions of the Foot

    The foot is composed of bones, ligaments, nerves, muscles, and tendons. Nerve conditions of the foot...

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  • Foot Spasms

    Foot Spasms

    Foot spasms, also known as foot cramps, occur due to the involuntary contraction of the foot muscles.

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  • Congenital Limb Deformities

    Congenital Limb Deformities

    Congenital deformities of the lower limbs are developmental disorders that cause alterations in the shape and appearance of the legs.

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  • Jackson-Weiss Syndrome

    Jackson-Weiss Syndrome

    Jackson-Weiss syndrome, also known as craniosynostosis or midfacial hypoplasia, is a rare medical disorder characterized by...

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  • Ischemic Foot

    Ischemic Foot

    Ischemic foot is a condition where there is inadequate blood supply to the foot due to vascular disease or an obstruction in the arteries.

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  • Calcaneal Fracture

    Calcaneal Fracture

    Calcaneal fractures can be quite severe. Treatment normally includes surgery to reconstruct the normal heel anatomy...

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  • Foot Lesions

    Foot Lesions

    A foot lesion is an abnormal change in an area of skin on the foot. It may be caused by infection, injury or abnormal growth of tissue.

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  • Fifth Metatarsal Fractures

    Fifth Metatarsal Fractures

    The fifth metatarsal is the long bone that is located on the outside of the foot and connects to the small toe.

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  • Mallet Toe

    Mallet Toe

    Mallet toe is a deformity where the toe abnormally bends downward, resembling a hammer or mallet.

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  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction

    Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction

    The posterior tibial tendon passes through the ankle to attach the calf muscle with the bones of the midfoot.

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  • Foot Inflammation

    Foot Inflammation

    Foot inflammation is the result of a person’s immune response towards various irritants or injuries to the foot.

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  • Charcot Osteoarthropathy

    Charcot Osteoarthropathy

    Charcot osteoarthropathy is a progressively destructive and degenerative joint disorder that most commonly affects the...

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  • Stress Fractures of Foot & Ankle

    Stress Fractures of Foot & Ankle

    A stress fracture is described as a small crack in the bone which occurs from an overuse injury of a bone.

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  • Toe Fractures

    Toe Fractures

    A toe fracture is when one or more of the toe bones of the foot are broken after severe trauma to the toes or foot.

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  • Osteochondral Lesions of the Ankle

    Osteochondral Lesions of the Ankle

    The tibia and the fibula bones of the lower leg join with the talus bone to form the ankle joint.

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  • Charcot Foot Deformity

    Charcot Foot Deformity

    Charcot foot deformity, also known as Charcot arthropathy, is a condition characterized by weakness...

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  • Adult Leg Length Discrepancy

    Adult Leg Length Discrepancy

    Adult leg length discrepancy is a condition in which an individual’s legs are of unequal length with one leg shorter than the other.

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  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

    Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

    The tarsal tunnel is a narrow passageway that lies on the inside of your ankle and runs into the foot.

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  • Acrocyanosis


    Acrocyanosis is a disorder of the peripheral vascular system characterized by a bluish coloration of the skin due to reduced oxygen in the blood.

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