Accessibility Tools
  • Knee Injury

    Knee Injury

    Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the common symptoms of any damage or injury to the knee.

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  • Runner's Knee

    Runner's Knee

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome also called runner’s knee refers to pain under and around your kneecap.

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  • Unstable Knee

    Unstable Knee

    The knee joint is one of the largest joints in the body. This highly complex joint has several tissues supporting and stabilizing its movement.

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  • Knee Fracture

    Knee Fracture

    A fracture is a condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone.

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  • Chondromalacia Patella

    Chondromalacia Patella

    Chondromalacia patella is a common condition characterized by softening, weakening and damage of the cartilage.

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  • Jumper's Knee

    Jumper's Knee

    Jumper’s knee, also known as patellar tendinitis, is inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap (patella)...

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  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    Iliotibial Band Syndrome

    An iliotibial band is a tough group of fibers that runs from the iliac crest of the hip along the outside of the thigh...

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  • Lateral Patellar Compression Syndrome

    Lateral Patellar Compression Syndrome

    Lateral patellar compression syndrome refers to pain under and around your kneecap. It is a common complaint among runners...

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  • Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

    Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

    Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition in which a piece of cartilage, along with a thin layer of the bone separates...

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  • Pediatric ACL Tears

    Pediatric ACL Tears

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a ligament that provides stability, reduces stress and prevents the knee from rotating...

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  • Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Tears

    Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Tears

    The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is a ligament that joins the kneecap (patella) to the thighbone (femur).

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  • Goosefoot Bursitis of the Knee

    Goosefoot Bursitis of the Knee

    A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac found between soft tissues and bones. It lubricates and acts as a cushion, decreasing...

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  • Knee Sprain

    Knee Sprain

    Knee sprain is a common injury that occurs from overstretching of the ligaments that support the knee joint.

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  • Knee Infection

    Knee Infection

    Knee infection is a serious medical condition that needs immediate treatment. Infection may occur followed by a knee replacement...

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  • Bone Marrow Edema in the Knee

    Bone Marrow Edema in the Knee

    Bone marrow edema syndrome of the knee is a condition characterized by a group of symptoms including bone pain and bone marrow...

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  • ACL Tears

    ACL Tears

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major ligaments of the knee. It is located in the middle of the knee...

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  • MCL Tears

    MCL Tears

    The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the ligament located on the inner part of the knee joint. It runs from the femur...

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  • MCL Sprains

    MCL Sprains

    Your MCL may get sprained or injured while twisting, bending or quickly changing direction.

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  • Meniscal Injuries

    Meniscal Injuries

    Meniscal tears are one of the most common injuries to the knee joint. It can occur at any age but are more common in athletes...

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  • Knee Ligament Injuries

    Knee Ligament Injuries

    Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect one bone to another bone. The ligaments of the knee stabilize the knee joint.

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  • Multiligament Instability

    Multiligament Instability

    The knee is a complex joint of the body that is vital for movement. The four major ligaments of the knee are anterior cruciate ligament...

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  • Knee Arthritis

    Knee Arthritis

    The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain-free movement in the joint. Arthritis is a general...

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  • Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation

    Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation

    Patellar dislocation occurs when the patella moves out of the patellofemoral groove, (trochlea) onto the bony head of the femur.

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  • PCL Injuries

    PCL Injuries

    Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), one of the four major ligaments of the knee, is situated at the back of the knee.

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  • Chondral or Articular Cartilage Defects

    Chondral or Articular Cartilage Defects

    The articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint.

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  • Patellar Instability

    Patellar Instability

    Any damage to the supporting ligaments may cause the patella to slip out of the groove either partially (subluxation)...

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  • Patellofemoral Instability

    Patellofemoral Instability

    Patellofemoral instability means that the patella (kneecap) moves out of its normal pattern of alignment.

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  • Patella Fracture

    Patella Fracture

    The kneecap or patella forms a part of the knee joint. It is present at the front of the knee, protecting the knee...

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  • Recurrent Patella Dislocation

    Recurrent Patella Dislocation

    The patella (kneecap) is a small bone that shields your knee joint. It is present in front of your knee, on a groove called...

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  • Lateral Meniscus Syndrome

    Lateral Meniscus Syndrome

    Lateral meniscus syndrome is characterized by an injury caused by the tearing of the cartilage tissue or a rare case...

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  • Tibial Eminence Spine Avulsion Fracture

    Tibial Eminence Spine Avulsion Fracture

    Tibial eminence spine avulsion fracture is the avulsion (tearing away) of the tibial eminence.

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  • Posterolateral Instability

    Posterolateral Instability

    Posterolateral instability, also known as posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI), is a common pattern

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  • Osteonecrosis of the Knee

    Osteonecrosis of the Knee

    Osteonecrosis is a condition in which the death of a section of bone occurs because of lack of blood supply to it.

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  • Knee Angular Deformities

    Knee Angular Deformities

    Angular deformities of the knee are variations in the normal growth pattern during early childhood and are common during childhood.

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  • Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS) of the Knee

    Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS) of the Knee

    Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the knee is a rare condition characterized by overgrowth and thickening or swelling...

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  • Posterolateral Corner Injuries

    Posterolateral Corner Injuries

    Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries are defined as damage to a complex area of the knee formed by the association of 3 main structures...

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  • Osteochondral Defect of the Knee

    Osteochondral Defect of the Knee

    An osteochondral defect, also commonly known as osteochondritis dissecans, of the knee refers to a damage or injury to the smooth...

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  • Periprosthetic Knee Fractures

    Periprosthetic Knee Fractures

    Knee replacement, also called knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the worn-out or damaged surfaces of the knee...

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  • Osteomyelitis of the Knee

    Osteomyelitis of the Knee

    Osteomyelitis of the knee also known as a knee infection is a condition characterized by swelling, pain, and tenderness in the joint.

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  • Knee Dislocation

    Knee Dislocation

    Knee dislocation is a condition that occurs when the bones that form the knee joint, namely the femur or thigh bone get separated...

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  • Lateral Patellar Instability

    Lateral Patellar Instability

    Lateral patellar instability is defined as a lateral shift or displacement of the patella (kneecap) as a result of disruptive changes...

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  • Medial Patellar Instability

    Medial Patellar Instability

    Medial patellar instability is a disabling condition characterized by medial subluxation of the patella which occurs as...

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  • Distal Femur Fracture

    Distal Femur Fracture

    The femur or thigh bone is the longest and strongest bone in the body, connecting the hip to the knee.

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  • Knock Knees

    Knock Knees

    Knock knees, also called genu valgum, is a type of angular knee deformity in which the legs curve inwards at the knees.

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  • Terrible Triad Injuries

    Terrible Triad Injuries

    Terrible triad injury, also known as Unhappy triad or O’Donoghue triad, is a condition involving injury to three structures...

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  • Articular Cartilage Injury

    Articular Cartilage Injury

    Articular or hyaline cartilage is the tissue lining the surface of the two bones in the knee joint.

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  • Chronic Hamstring Tendinopathy

    Chronic Hamstring Tendinopathy

    Chronic hamstring tendinopathy is a condition characterized by a deep pain in the buttocks and upper part of the back of the thigh.

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  • Bowed Legs

    Bowed Legs

    Bowed leg is a bony deformity resulting in outward curvature of one or both knees of the lower legs.

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  • Tibial Shaft Fracture

    Tibial Shaft Fracture

    A tibial shaft fracture is a crack or break in the middle section of the tibia bone due to severe trauma.

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  • Patellar Tracking Disorder

    Patellar Tracking Disorder/Patellar Maltracking

    Patellar tracking disorder, also known as patellar maltracking, is a condition in which the kneecap (patella) moves sideways...

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  • Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Knee (SONK)

    Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Knee (SONK)

    Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) is a painful knee condition of idiopathic or unknown cause that occurs spontaneously.

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  • Loose Bodies in the Knee

    Knee Fracture

    Loose bodies are fragments of detached cartilage or bone inside the knee joint. These fragments may be free floating (unstable)...

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  • Knee Osteoarthritis

    Knee Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in older people.

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  • Knee Sports Injuries

    Knee Sports Injuries

    Trauma is any injury caused during physical activity, motor vehicle accidents, electric shock, or other activities. Sports trauma...

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  • Tibial Plateau Fracture

    Tibial Plateau Fracture

    A tibial plateau fracture is a crack or break on the top surface of the tibia or shinbone in the knee joint.

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  • Patellar Tendinitis

    Patellar Tendinitis

    Patellar tendinitis, also known as "jumper's knee", is an inflammation of the patellar tendon that connects your kneecap...

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  • Meniscus Root Tear

    Meniscus Root Tear

    Meniscal root tears are characterized as soft tissue or bony root avulsion injuries or radial tears located within 1 cm of meniscus...

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  • Women & ACL Injuries

    Women and ACL Injuries

    The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four major ligaments of the knee that connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia...

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  • Periprosthetic Knee Infection

    Periprosthetic Knee Infection

    A very small percentage of patients (less than 1%) who undergo knee replacement may develop an infection around the knee joint.

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  • Medial Meniscus Syndrome

    Medial Meniscus Syndrome

    Medial meniscal injuries are usually considered as either traumatic or degenerative. Whilst degenerate tears may present with...

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  • Knee Stress Fractures

    Knee Stress Fractures

    Stress fractures of the patella or knee are very rare. Approximately two out of 10,000 athletes may experience a patella stress fracture.

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  • Osgood Schlatter Disease

    Osgood Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter disease refers to a condition in older children and teenagers caused by excessive stress to the patellar tendon...

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  • Multiligament Knee Injuries

    Multiligament Knee Injuries

    Injury to more than one knee ligament is called a multiligament knee injury and may occur during sports or other physical activities.

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  • Pseudogout

    Pseudogout

    Pseudogout is a type of arthritis that is characterized by the development of a painful swelling that occurs suddenly in one or more joints.

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  • Knee Joint Bursa Infection

    Knee Joint Bursa Infection

    Knee joint bursa infection, also known as septic knee bursitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the small...

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  • Quadriceps Tendon Rupture & Repair

    Quadriceps Tendon Rupture and Repair

    A quadriceps tendon rupture is defined as a tear of the quadriceps tendon as a result of a traumatic incident.

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  • Patellofemoral Arthritis

    Patellofemoral Arthritis

    Patellofemoral arthritis is an inflammatory condition characterized by loss of the smooth cartilage between the kneecap (patella)

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  • Tibial Eminence Fractures

    Tibial Eminence Fractures

    The tibial eminence, also called the tibial spine, is a bony protuberance of the tibia (shin bone) that attaches to the anterior cruciate...

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  • Knee Effusion

    Knee Effusion

    Knee effusion also known as water on the knee or swollen knee is a condition characterized by swelling in the knee joint...

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  • Stress Fracture of the Tibia

    Stress Fracture of the Tibia

    A stress fracture of the tibia or shinbone is a thin fracture, also called a hairline fracture that occurs in the tibia due to excess...

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  • Anterior Knee Pain

    Anterior Knee Pain

    Anterior knee pain is characterized by chronic pain over the front and center of the knee joint. It is common in athletes...

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