Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention
Osteoporosis occurs when the body loses too much bone mass or produces too little new bone tissue (or both). As a result, the bones can become weak, brittle and susceptible to fractures. For this reason, fall prevention is very important for individuals who are diagnosed with osteoporosis. In very severe cases, porous bones can even break with a cough or sneeze.
At Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine of Houston, we develop customized physical therapy programs to address osteoporosis and help prevent falls. We begin with a thorough analysis of a patient’s medical history, risk factors and body mechanics, including any limitations in strength, balance or range of motion. Based on the results of this evaluation and the evidence-based guidelines in the Rehabilitation Guide of the National Osteoporosis Foundation, we can provide individualized recommendations, such as:
- A progressive rehabilitation program, which may include targeted stretches, weight-bearing activities and strength training to enhance aerobic conditioning, muscle strength and bone mass, including exercises for balance, flexibility and coordination
- Education on postural improvement
- Training on how to move safely during daily activities, such as walking and lifting
- Assistive devices, such as braces and canes, to improve balance and mobility
- Interventions such as grab bars and railings to reduce the risk of falls in a patient’s home
- Pain management strategies (a cornerstone of the rehabilitation of vertebral fractures)
- Surgery, such as a kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty, if appropriate
While regular exercise is essential for both the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, it is essential to consult with a physician or physical therapist prior to beginning any exercise program in order to avoid vertebral fractures. In general, movements and body positions that involve bending the spine forward should be avoided. These include exercises such as sit-ups, curl-ups and toe touches, as well as exercise machines such as abdominal exercisers, bicep-curl machines, cross-country ski machines, rowing machines and stationary bicycles and moveable handlebars. Sports and activities that involve twisting the spine, such as tennis, golf and bowling, should also be avoided.
Osteoporosis can be prevented by building adequate bone density with regular exercise and sufficient calcium and vitamin D intake through childhood, adolescence and early adulthood. But, it is never too late – steps can be taken to improve bone health at any age. Most importantly, an active lifestyle that includes weight-bearing exercise is key to maintaining bone density. It is also important to avoid habits that can promote bone loss, such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Maintaining good posture and body mechanics can also contribute to good bone health throughout life.
If you have questions about osteoporosis and fall prevention, contact Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine of Houston to request a consultation with a physical therapist at our spacious, 4,500-square-foot facility in Houston, TX.
To request an appointment, please enter the information on the form on the right and press the “Continue” button to start the appointment request process.
1Doctor’s Pavilion at North Cypress Medical Center
AOSM Physical Therapy
2North Cypress Professional Building At Lakewood Crossing
AOSM Physical Therapy
3North Cypress Professional Building At Towne Lake
4Advanced Orthopaedics Memorial
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Dr. Mack and all the staff are professional and courteous. Dr. Mack came highly recommended, and I was very satisfied with his diagnosis and subsequent treatment. I would recommend him without reservation.
Dr. Vial is the best doctor I have seen in a long time. It was so easy to make an appointment with him and he took me back on time. They did the necessary x-ray right there in the office. Dr. Vial was so kind, caring, and friendly. He quickly diagnosed me and put me at ease about my injury!…
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Dr. Mills was very pleasant, he spoke plainly to me, let me know my treatment options and what he recommended for me but he ultimately left the choice up to me without pushing any of them onto me, nor did he rush my decision. I am very impressed with the response time of everyone who helped me during my visit,…
I flew in for my appointment in the middle of Covid. He was recommended as a top ortho by my employer’s medical concierge team. He is incredible… surgery a breeze on my knee… zero pain the next day. His team and office staff are top notch – on par with Mayo Clinic. We are fortunate to have doctors like him…
Dr. Mack and his staff has been a blessing to me and my family. His patience and listening ear has greatly enhanced my quality of care and confidence in his abilities as a surgeon. I undoubtedly recommend him to anyone who is in pain and considering surgery as an option. I am sure your questions will be answered and your…
We absolutely LOVE Dr. Mihu. She truly puts her heart and soul into her patients. My husband is a complicated patient, and she has never given up on him. We cherish our relationship with her because it is rare to find a physician like her with the knowledge, experience and heart she invests in her patients. She really goes above…
My 84 year old mom fell and broke her right hip. Dr. Tanous was referred to me by her primary doctor. The appointment staff of AOSM gave me a next day appointment, with website info that enabled me to fill out much of necessary paperwork. The office staff was prompt and we saw Dr. Tanous at the given appointment time….
Dr. Mihu has been my doctor for 6 years. She is the best doctor I have ever had for so many reasons. I am an extremely complicated case and she never stops trying to help me. She is compassionate, caring and understanding. She never makes you feel rushed and will do everything in her power to give you your life…