What Types of Sports Injuries Can Affect the Shoulder?
A highly mobile joint, the shoulder is inherently unstable and prone to injury – especially during sports. The reason is easy to understand when you consider that many athletes continually perform overhead arm movements, such as throwing a ball or swinging a racquet, which place the shoulder joint under considerable stress. Participating in a contact sport such as football or hockey can also increase the risk of sustaining a shoulder injury.
The most common types of shoulder injuries that affect athletes are:
A superior labral tear from anterior to posterior is an overuse injury that affects the labrum (a rim of cartilage that surrounds the shoulder socket) at the point where the biceps tendon attaches. The symptoms of a SLAP tear include an ache deep within the shoulder, a reduced range of motion, a grinding sensation (crepitus) and a feeling that the shoulder is about to “pop out” of its socket.
Instability occurs when the shoulder joint capsule becomes overly stretched due to repetitive use. As the joint loosens, the end of the upper arm bone (humeral head) can begin to move excessively, creating pain and irritation. An unstable, or overly loose, joint is prone to subluxation, in which the humeral head shifts partially out of its socket, and dislocation, in which the humeral head pops completely out of its socket. While a shoulder subluxation may cause short bursts of pain, a complete dislocation may cause a sudden bout of very severe pain. Both conditions can also cause bruising, swelling, arm muscle weakness and a reduced range of motion.
Rotator Cuff Tears
A rotator cuff tear affects one of the four tendons that come together at the upper end of the arm bone. This structure stabilizes the shoulder joint and facilitates arm movement. A partial rotator cuff tear occurs when the tendon at the top of the shoulder becomes frayed or damaged. A complete rotator cuff tear either severs the tendon or pulls it away from the bone. The symptoms of a rotator cuff tear are similar to those of a SLAP tear. Additionally, the associated discomfort can potentially disrupt sleep by making it too painful to lie on the affected side of the body.
If you participate in sports, you should be aware of each type of shoulder injury as well as its symptoms. That way, you’ll be more likely to recognize the need to seek prompt medical attention. This is important because early treatment can lead to a better outcome and a faster return to sport.
The sports medicine specialists at Advanced Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine of Houston, Texas, provide a comprehensive range of shoulder injury treatments. To arrange for a personal consultation at one of our clinics in the Houston, TX, area, contact us today.
To request an appointment, please enter the information on the form on the right and press the “Continue” button to start the appointment request process.
1Professional Building II At North Cypress Medical Center
AOSM Physical Therapy
2North Cypress Professional Building At Lakewood Crossing
AOSM Physical Therapy
3North Cypress Professional Building At Towne Lake
4Advanced Orthopaedics Memorial
What Our Patients Are Saying
Each procedure done by Dr. Patel has been an improvement. Very pleased.
Thanks for the help on strengthening my legs after the back surgery, There was no pain shooting down the back of my legs after surgery. I am recovering well with no pain medications after seven days.
Always awesome. Everyone is kind, very professional and thorough. Dr Blalock and his team go out of their way to help any way they can.
I had been in so much pain with my back for years. It got so bad that I knew I had to do something. I went to Dr Mohr for help. I was so afraid to have spine surgery as I had heard so many horror stories.
I just think that this is the best health care facility to this day. I truly appreciate all the PT, so far they are consider it.
I never review places or services on Facebook, but I could not let others know how blessed I was to have Dr. Cubbage as my surgeon. He and his lovely staff, including awesome Karen,
Dr. Patel has been a great Doctor for me. When I was referred to after discussion we decided to do injections in my back.
The surgery done by Dr. S. Patel (Actually injections) & the mild medications she has prescribed has surely made my lower back -hip-leg less painful.
I flew in for my appointment in the middle of Covid. He was recommended as a top ortho by my employer’s medical concierge team. He is incredible… surgery a breeze on my knee… zero pain the next day. His team and office staff are top notch – on par with Mayo Clinic. We are fortunate to have doctors like him…
I just recovered from my 2nd back surgery by Dr. Mohr. I love the people there so much I just went back and saw a shoulder surgeon Dr. Fehsenfeld for cortisone shots.